The black king of Spain: Can the blackened king be blackballed?

A recent bone of contention for many European cultures is the practice of ‘blacking up’ some characters of European traditions (folklore/popular culture). Blackface is a form of theatrical make-up used predominantly by non-black performers to represent a caricature of a black person. Stereotypes embodied in the stock characters of blackface minstrels played a major role in strengthening racist images, attitudes and perceptions worldwide. Nevertheless, in some European traditions there have been practices of blacking up people to represent a certain character. Continue reading “The black king of Spain: Can the blackened king be blackballed?”