Direct or Indirect Discrimination: Same Difference?

Should a finding of indirect discrimination be sanctioned in the same way as a finding of direct discrimination? A recent case confronted the Belgian Constitutional Court with precisely this question. It was asked to consider whether an anti-discrimination law according the same legal effects to a finding of direct and of indirect discrimination creates unconstitutional discrimination. Revisiting the relationship between intent requirements and anti-discrimination law, the Court held that it did not.

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De federale regeringsvorming de impasse voorbij? Suggesties voor de verkenning van andere pistes

Image Credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/48848037@N04/33697815045/in/photolist-TkL7p8-5DKAXu-cYPngo-cYPkbQ-5DFj4e-7vMCwE-7vMBDW-7vHN3T-7vHLmt-7vHML2-cYPBqs-7vMBGU-7hzYWy-7vHNiV-gVp1C-8pSYub-i43nuu-5DFieM-7vHMxD-gVp1K-7vMAP3-wnJAvD-5DKAdm-5DFg4D-9Mbc9y-cYPsSW-cYPAkG-7vHMjk-7vHNq2-7vMAkq-gVp1D-Bkivht-3Lmdgm-BrFFwN-BS5ip7-8pPPrB-8pPU8P-7hzYvQ-pR53q8-DwgS5d-DwgVCq-yaiSjo-yaq4oV-asaix8-gVp1J-BTP394-AWinFu-BJe3uU-AWi4sf-cYPDSb
De reeds lang durende impasse aangaande de federale regeringsvorming nodigt uit om nieuwe paden te betreden. Waarom niet eens een minderheidsregering uitproberen, eventueel met een beperkt programma voor een beperkte duur? Waarom niet eens een apolitieke bemiddelaar het veld insturen? En moet niet worden gedacht aan de invoering van een deblokkeringsmechanisme om herhaling van dit soort situaties te voorkomen? En kunnen er sowieso al geen stappen worden gezet ter voorbereiding van de latere besluitvorming? In deze blogpost waagt prof. dr. David D’Hooghe zich aan een eerste verkenning.

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Which courts are driving legal integration in the EU?

It has long been believed that judges at the lower echelons of the judiciary are the drivers of legal integration in the EU. Yet, Arthur Dyevre and Monika Glavina demonstrate in this blogpost that this is not what the data says, drawing on a new study by Arthur Dyevre, Monika Glavina and Angelina Atanasova. Their analysis of the entirety of preliminary references submitted by domestic courts from 1961 to 2017 demonstrates that although first instance courts did pioneer the preliminary ruling procedure in the early years of European legal integration, they have been overtaken by peak courts, which now dominate the formal interlocutory procedure. In fact, a relatively small club of apex courts accounts for the lion’s share of references submitted to the European Court of Justice. Continue reading “Which courts are driving legal integration in the EU?”

The Gambia’s gamble (part 2): will jurisdictional limits keep the ICJ from ruling on Myanmar’s alleged genocide?

On 11 November, The Gambia filed an application instituting proceedings and requesting provisional measures at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in relation to the genocide allegedly committed by Myanmar against the Rohingya. In an earlier blogpost, we argued why it makes sense to seize the ICJ in addition to the ICC. In this post, we address the likelihood of success of the request for provisional measures. Continue reading “The Gambia’s gamble (part 2): will jurisdictional limits keep the ICJ from ruling on Myanmar’s alleged genocide?”

The Gambia’s gamble (part 1): introduction to the ICJ-case on Myanmar’s alleged genocide against Rohingya

On 11 November, The Gambia filed an application instituting proceedings and requesting provisional measures at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) concerning the alleged genocide by Myanmar against the Rohingya. This blogpost demonstrates the added value of seizing the ICJ in addition to the ICC. In a second blogpost, we assess the likelihood of success for the request for provisional measures.

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Informateur, (Pre)formateur, Bruggenbouwer – over de nood aan ‘Prudent Leaders’ in de Belgische politiek

Het Belgische politieke model kan alleen maar goed functioneren, wanneer er zogenoemde ‘prudent leaders’ aanwezig zijn. Dat zijn politici die bereid zijn om over de taalgrenzen heen op zoek te gaan naar compromissen. Bij gebrek aan dergelijke bruggenbouwers dreigt een verlamming van het systeem. Continue reading “Informateur, (Pre)formateur, Bruggenbouwer – over de nood aan ‘Prudent Leaders’ in de Belgische politiek”

Sorting out the Senate: Some Reflections on a Randomly-Selected Senate

In the ongoing negotiations for a new Belgian federal government, Paul Magnette recently suggested transforming the Belgian Senate into a “Citizens’ Chamber”, where citizens selected by lot (“sortition”) would deliberate on issues of common concern. In this post, Ronald Van Crombrugge offers a clearer perspective of how such a randomly selected senate could contribute to democracy. Continue reading “Sorting out the Senate: Some Reflections on a Randomly-Selected Senate”

The first of many Mammadovs? Reflections on the ECHR infringement procedure

For the first time, the Committee of Ministers has initiated infringement proceedings under Article 46 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). It did so in the case of Ilgar Mammadov, an Azerbaijani activist and politician who has spent 1205 days in prison. The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) deemed this prison time to be a measure designed by the government to “silence or punish” him. Time to reflect on the proceedings’ potential.

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