Direct or Indirect Discrimination: Same Difference?

Should a finding of indirect discrimination be sanctioned in the same way as a finding of direct discrimination? A recent case confronted the Belgian Constitutional Court with precisely this question. It was asked to consider whether an anti-discrimination law according the same legal effects to a finding of direct and of indirect discrimination creates unconstitutional discrimination. Revisiting the relationship between intent requirements and anti-discrimination law, the Court held that it did not.

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De federale regeringsvorming de impasse voorbij? Suggesties voor de verkenning van andere pistes

Image Credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/48848037@N04/33697815045/in/photolist-TkL7p8-5DKAXu-cYPngo-cYPkbQ-5DFj4e-7vMCwE-7vMBDW-7vHN3T-7vHLmt-7vHML2-cYPBqs-7vMBGU-7hzYWy-7vHNiV-gVp1C-8pSYub-i43nuu-5DFieM-7vHMxD-gVp1K-7vMAP3-wnJAvD-5DKAdm-5DFg4D-9Mbc9y-cYPsSW-cYPAkG-7vHMjk-7vHNq2-7vMAkq-gVp1D-Bkivht-3Lmdgm-BrFFwN-BS5ip7-8pPPrB-8pPU8P-7hzYvQ-pR53q8-DwgS5d-DwgVCq-yaiSjo-yaq4oV-asaix8-gVp1J-BTP394-AWinFu-BJe3uU-AWi4sf-cYPDSb
De reeds lang durende impasse aangaande de federale regeringsvorming nodigt uit om nieuwe paden te betreden. Waarom niet eens een minderheidsregering uitproberen, eventueel met een beperkt programma voor een beperkte duur? Waarom niet eens een apolitieke bemiddelaar het veld insturen? En moet niet worden gedacht aan de invoering van een deblokkeringsmechanisme om herhaling van dit soort situaties te voorkomen? En kunnen er sowieso al geen stappen worden gezet ter voorbereiding van de latere besluitvorming? In deze blogpost waagt prof. dr. David D’Hooghe zich aan een eerste verkenning.

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Which courts are driving legal integration in the EU?

It has long been believed that judges at the lower echelons of the judiciary are the drivers of legal integration in the EU. Yet, Arthur Dyevre and Monika Glavina demonstrate in this blogpost that this is not what the data says, drawing on a new study by Arthur Dyevre, Monika Glavina and Angelina Atanasova. Their analysis of the entirety of preliminary references submitted by domestic courts from 1961 to 2017 demonstrates that although first instance courts did pioneer the preliminary ruling procedure in the early years of European legal integration, they have been overtaken by peak courts, which now dominate the formal interlocutory procedure. In fact, a relatively small club of apex courts accounts for the lion’s share of references submitted to the European Court of Justice. Continue reading “Which courts are driving legal integration in the EU?”